Historical overview

The plant was known to ancient Greeks, specifically Theophrastus (372-287 B.C) and Dioscorides (40-90 A.D.) Its scientific name Sideritis comes from the word iron and this version was given to the plant because of its property to heal wounds caused from iron objects.

According to another version because it is a natural source of iron as beverages prepared from it contain adequate quantity of iron. A third one maintains that its name is due to the shape of the calyx teeth, which resemble a spearhead. By those days the inhabitants of areas around Mt. Olympus used to collect Sideritis from high hillsides and used it as a medicine or as a beneficial beverage.

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